What is a total laparoscopic hysterectomy?
Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy (TLH) is an operation to remove the uterus (womb) and cervix with the aid of a small operating telescope, called a laparoscope. The laparoscope is inserted into the abdominal wall through a small incision and allows the doctor to examine the pelvis/abdomen.
Some of the common conditions treated by Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy are:
- Fibroids: Hysterectomy is recommended as a final and permanent solution to fibroids and other non-cancerous tumors.
- Distressingly heavy menstrual bleeding and pain: Due to a multitude of conditions, some women have excessive bleeding and pelvic pain. Hysterectomy is prescribed as a last-ditch effort to treat it.
- Endometriosis: Another condition associated with the innermost walls of the uterus growing into the neighbouring organs. It causes extreme pain as well as irregular bleeding during periods.
- Cancer: Advanced cancer of the cervix, endometrial layers, or ovaries may require a hysterectomy.
In some cases, the uterus may become prolapsed or falling down into the cervix and vagina. Or, the walls of the uterus might thicken to cause a condition called Adenomyosis.