Semen Analysis

Semen Analysis

A semen analysis, also called a sperm count, measures the quantity and quality of a man’s semen and sperm. Semen is the thick, white fluid released from the penis during a man’s sexual climax (orgasm). This release is called ejaculation. Semen contains sperm, the cells in a man that carry genetic material.

Preparing for the Semen Analysis:

Here are a few things to keep in mind before giving the sample:

  • Your doctor may ask you not to have sex or masturbate for 2 to 5 days before your test to make sure your sperm count will be as high as possible.
  • Don’t avoid ejaculation for more than 2 weeks before your test. That can result in a sample with sperm that are less active.
  • It’s best not to drink alcohol before your semen analysis.

You also should tell your doctor about any medications or herbal supplements you’re taking. Drugs that can affect your results include:

Testosterone: Supplements that boost this hormone can send the wrong signal to your body and make it stop producing natural testosterone and sperm. It can lead to a low count or lack of sperm.
Anabolic steroids: Used to build muscle, these drugs can affect your body’s sperm production.