Diagnostic Laparoscopy & Hysteroscopy

What is a diagnostic laparoscopy and hysteroscopy?

Diagnostic laparoscopy is used to view the outside of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes and internal pelvic area. Diagnostic hysteroscopy is used to view the inside of the uterus.
Laparoscopy is almost always performed under general anesthesia. This means you’ll be unconscious for the procedure. However, you may still be able to go home the same day.Once you’re asleep, a small tube called a catheter will be inserted to collect your urine. A small needle will be used to fill your abdomen with carbon dioxide gas. The gas keeps the abdominal wall away from your organs. It reduces the risk of injury.Your surgeon will make a small cut in your navel and insert the laparoscope, which transmits images to a screen. This gives your doctor a clear view of your organs. What happens next depends on the type of procedure. For diagnosis, your doctor might take a look and then be done. If you need surgery, other incisions will be made. Instruments will be inserted through these holes. Then surgery is performed using the laparoscope as a guide. Laparoscopy is helpful in: unexplained infertility unexplained pelvic pain a history of pelvic infection endometriosis uterine fibroids ovarian cysts or tumors ectopic pregnancy pelvic abscess, or pus pelvic adhesions, or painful scar tissue pelvic inflammatory disease reproductive cancers

It is the examination of the inside of the womb using a fine telescope. A small telescope is inserted through the vagina and cervix into the cavity of the womb. Generally this is done under general anaesthetia. The surgeon then carefully inspects the lining of the womb; the images from a camera attached to the telescope are projected onto a TV screen so you can watch the pictures if you want. It is likely that you will need a biopsy of the lining of the womb. This is performed by inserting a small sampler at the end of the procedure. This sampling only takes 10-20 seconds but can cause a cramp-like sensation, which again settles very quickly.